Femoral hernia is a condition, when organs of the abdominal cavity pass through the femoral canal into subcutaneous thigh area. When hernia occurs, a mild pain can be felt and easily palpable bulge can be palpated in the thigh area, which can be pushed inside. If professional assistance is delayed, the hernia can become incarcerated – it is not possible to return the content of the bulge back to the abdominal space by pushing, a severe pain occur, which may result in complications.
The surgery is carried out under local, spinal or general anaesthesia, by open or laparoscopic technique. An incision is made during the surgery, which is used to separate the hernia sac ant to remove its excess, the hernia opening then is sutured. If the hernia is not very large, its opening is sutured applying multilayer sutures. If the hernia is large a special synthetic mesh is used during the surgery, which reduces the risk of reoccurring cyst in that area.
In case of laparoscopic surgery small incisions made which are used to insert small laparoscopic video camera and surgical instruments, the space is filled with CO2 gas creating the working environment for the surgeon. All surgical activities of the surgeon are observed in the monitor.