Adenoids, popularly known as nasal polyps, are a mass of lymphoid tissue in the throat at the back of the nose. For patients who often contract upper respiratory tract infections or suffer from allergies, adenoids can get enlarged causing various health issues and discomfort in everyday life.
Enlarged adenoids (hyperthophy) are common in children aged 2 to 10 years causing breathing difficulties (nose obstruction), constantly runny nose, frequently recurrent ear infections, chronic sinusitis, or exacerbations of other diseases such as asthma and allergies. If left untreated, enlarged adenoids can lead to serious consequences affecting child’s motor and cognitive development.
Due to persistent nasal obstruction, the child experiences difficulty to sleep at night; during daytime, he/she appears to be sleepy, tired, and apathetic. Frequent ear infections can result in a condition known as “stuffy ear” that leads to impaired hearing and disturbance of concentration. Impaired child’s speech is characteristic as well: it becomes muffled, the pronunciation of consonants becomes poor, and so-called hyponasal speech occurs. All these complications can impair child’s daily cognitive processes that are especially important up to the age of 10 years. If the symptoms persist, child’s motor and cognitive development can be severely delayed.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, and it usually takes 20 minutes. During this procedure, the surgeon removes enlarged adenoids through the mouth with a special tool. Once the blockage in the nasopharynx has been eliminated, the air passage from the nose to the lower airways is restored.
A special diet should be followed for 5 days after the procedure: drinking carbonated beverages and fruit juices, eating fruits (except bananas), honey, and chocolate are discouraged, whereas eating ice cream is allowed and even recommended because it serves as a local pain reliever. After this procedure, nose stuffiness may be experienced for the period of a few days to several weeks.