Septal reconstruction (septoplasty) is a type of surgery to eliminate respiratory function disorders. A deviated nasal septum can be congenital or acquired as a result of injury to the nose, or due to nasal valve pathology or nasal turbinate hypertrophy. A deviated nasal septum may cause various health disorders, such as snoring, chronic rhinorrhea, obstructed breathing. It may also affect cardiac and digestive systems. Reconstruction of the nasal septum not only facilitates breathing, but also prevents serious medical conditions.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia, and time in surgery is approximately 30-60 minutes. During the surgery, an incision is placed inside the nose, and the deviated portions which obstruct breathing are removed from the cartilage and bony parts of the septum.
Sometimes after removing the defects which obstruct breathing, the cartilage of the septum is reinforced with thin cartilage plates and the incision in the nasal mucosa is sutured. Special nasal packing may be placed inside the nose, which is usually removed after 24 hours.