Liposuction is one of the most popular surgeries in the world. It is important to understand that liposuction is performed not to reduce weight, but to enhance the body lines. For most people, fat accumulates in problem areas: on the waist, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, upper arms, cheeks or lower part of the chin, from which local fatty deposits are hardly removable even by people doing sports. In such cases, liposuction helps to get rid of fatty deposits and correct the distorted body contour. Fatty cells do not grow again in areas where fat has been sucked out – if a patient put on weight, new fat would be evenly distributed throughout the body.
Liposuction is not performed for people with BMI larger than 27. When BMI is larger than the specified range, even in case of sucking out the maximum amount of fat (4-5 litres), the desired effect is not achieved and the risk of the surgery increases. The fatty tissue is located in two layers in the human body – surface and deep. Fat is removed from the deep layer during liposuction surgery. Surface fat is untouchable because this layer gives the body a smooth and beautiful surface.
Liposuction surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia, except for liposuction of small areas, for which local anesthesia is sufficient.
Special hollow stainless steel tubes of various shapes and sizes with one or more suction holes (curettes) are used to suck out fat. After combining them with a suction pump, a negative pressure of 0.6 to 1 atmospheric pressure is created and fat is removed through about 1 cm of incisions performed in hardly noticeable areas of the body, such as the skin folds or where underwear covers.